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Artículos de todas las materias
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Cronin, Blaise. (2001). "Hyperauthorship: a postmodern perversion or evidence of a structural shift in scholarly communication practices?" [Artículo]. JASIS (Journal of the American Society for Information Science), Marzo2001, 52(7):558-569.

Materias:  Cibermetría 
Resumen:

"Cronin examines the implications of the extraordinary growth in the number of authors of single papers in the biomedical and high energy physics domains. Such practices call into question the assumption that the author(s) bear sole responsibility and deserve sole credit for the work. While collaboration and multiple authorship certainly existed before the 20th century, the advent of big science has stimulated it. Papers with 100 authors increased from one in 1981 to 182 in 1994. Increasing collaboration and the highly technical nature of modern research mean coauthorship is inescapable, but honorific, guest and gift authorship are not currently uncommon and major contributors are at times excluded. Generally accepted guidelines for authorship do not exist. The difficulty of fixing the degree of an individual's contribution is not trivial and the standard model of authorship is in need of revision with likely variations in different genera."


   Jansen, Bernard J. & Pooch, Udo. (2001). "A Review of Web Searching Studies and a Framework for Future Research." [Artículo]. JASIS (Journal of the American Society for Information Science), 2001, 52(3):235-246.
URL: http://jimjansen.tripod.com/academic/pubs/wus.html      
Materias:  Estudio de usuarios 
Resumen:

"Research on Web searching is at an incipient stage. This aspect provides a unique opportunity to review the current state of research in the field, identify common trends, develop a methodological framework, and define terminology for future Web searching studies. In this article, the results from published studies of Web searching are reviewed to present the current state of research. The analysis of the limited Web searching studies available indicates that research methods and terminology are already diverging. A framework is proposed for future studies that will facilitate comparison of results. The advantages of such a framework are presented, and the implications for the design of Web information retrieval systems studies are discussed. Additionally, the searching characteristics of Web users are compared and contrasted with users of traditional information retrieval and online public access systems to discover if there is a need for more studies that focus predominantly or exclusively on Web searching. The comparison indicates that Web searching differs from searching in other environments."


Kostoff, Ronald N. (2001). "Science and Technology Roadmaps." [Artículo]. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Mayo2001, 48(2):132-143.
URL: http://www.onr.navy.mil/sci_tech/special/technowatch/reseval.htm      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"This paper presents the principles for constructing high quality science and technology roadmaps. It provides illustrative examples from both governemnt and industrial practice. It is the first paper that presents road-mapping as a unified discipline."


Leydesdorff, Loet & Heimeriks, Gaston. (2001). "The Self-Organization of the European Information society: The case of "biotechnology"." [Artículo]. JASIS (Journal of the American Society for Information Science), Octubre-Noviembre2001, 52(14):1262-1274.
URL: http://dlist.sir.arizona.edu/archive/00000107/      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"Fields of techno-science like biotechnology develop in a network mode: disciplinary insights from different backgrounds are recombined and university-industry relations are continuously reshaped. The ongoing process of integration at the European level generates an additional network of transnational collaborations. Using the title words of scientific publications in five core journals of biotechnology, multi-variate analysis enables us to distinguish between the intellectual organization of the publications in terms of title words (variables) and the institutional structure in terms of addresses of documents (cases). The interaction among the networks in the case of biotechnology documents with European addresses is compared with the document sets with American and Japanese addresses. A complex network system of innovations is sensitive to policy interventions in ways that differ from national systems of innovation."


Zook, M.A. (2001). "Old Hierarchies or New Networks of Centrality? The Global Geography of the Internet Content Market." [Preprint]. American Behavioral Scientist, Junio2001, 44(10):1679-1696.
URL: http://www.zooknic.com/info/Zook-ABS-2001.pdf      
Materias:  Cibergeografía 
Resumen:

"Using a combination of domain names and user counts, this paper provides an assessment of the global distribution of Internet content creation at the national and urban level and the structure of the supply and demand for this content at the national level. Theories of export based development are used to assess the strengths and weaknesses of countries Internet presence and the ramifications of this for future development."


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