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Cienciometría e Informetría
La Cienciometría investiga los aspectos cuantitativos de la ciencia; es el brazo cuantitativo de la ciencia de la ciencia, de los estudios científicos de la comunicación y de los estudios de la política de la ciencia.
La Informetría investiga aspectos cuantitativos de los procesos de las ciencias de la información y de la ciencia de la biblioteca.
Cienciometría e Informetría están limitados por su interés mutuo en la literatura científica. Su orientación estadística y matemática no imposibilita los análisis por métodos cualitativos.
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Kostoff, Ronald N. (2001). "Science and Technology Roadmaps." [Artículo]. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Mayo2001, 48(2):132-143.
URL: http://www.onr.navy.mil/sci_tech/special/technowatch/reseval.htm      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"This paper presents the principles for constructing high quality science and technology roadmaps. It provides illustrative examples from both governemnt and industrial practice. It is the first paper that presents road-mapping as a unified discipline."


Leydesdorff, Loet & Heimeriks, Gaston. (2001). "The Self-Organization of the European Information society: The case of "biotechnology"." [Artículo]. JASIS (Journal of the American Society for Information Science), Octubre-Noviembre2001, 52(14):1262-1274.
URL: http://dlist.sir.arizona.edu/archive/00000107/      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"Fields of techno-science like biotechnology develop in a network mode: disciplinary insights from different backgrounds are recombined and university-industry relations are continuously reshaped. The ongoing process of integration at the European level generates an additional network of transnational collaborations. Using the title words of scientific publications in five core journals of biotechnology, multi-variate analysis enables us to distinguish between the intellectual organization of the publications in terms of title words (variables) and the institutional structure in terms of addresses of documents (cases). The interaction among the networks in the case of biotechnology documents with European addresses is compared with the document sets with American and Japanese addresses. A complex network system of innovations is sensitive to policy interventions in ways that differ from national systems of innovation."


   Leydesdorff, Loet. (2000). "The Complex Dynamics of Scientific Communication." [Publicación]. Science & Technology Dynamics, 2000, ():.
URL: http://users.fmg.uva.nl/lleydesdorff/scicomm/      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"Scientific communications are expected to search for truth, while the Truth is no longer given as in (religious) belief systems. Truth can then be considered as a code or a meta-heuristics of communication. In this dynamic system of rationalized expectations new ideas can be entertained and tested, while communications in a belief system must be normatively integrated. Scientific communications in different fields do no longer need to be organized hierarchically: during their further development, the hierarchies may have been inverted. The concept of a "unity of science" can from this perspective be replaced with a dynamic within and among the sciences. This dynamics is both complex and non-trivial. Inter-human communication is expected to contain uncertainty, and it can be provided with (interactive and reflexive) meaning. Languages allow for the codification of these relations. Higher-order codifications (e.g., the paradigmatic control of the use of language) can endogenously be developed."


   Persson, Olle. (2000). "The low citation impact of Norwegian science." [Artículo]. Bibliometric Notes, 2000, 4(7):.
URL: http://www.umu.se/inforsk/BibliometricNotes/BN7-2000/BN7-2000.htm      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"Norway stands out among the Nordic countries with a significantly lower citation impact of papers published in journals that are indexed by the Institute for Scientific Information. The relative citation impact of papers from four Nordic countries during 1994-98 (1) is shown in the bottom line of Table 1. Norway's score of 1.0 conforms with the World average, but places Norway within the least cited half of the OECD countries(2). Similar citation indicators based on the Science Citation Index have been produced since 1973. Denmark and Sweden have scored high above the World average every year, not disregarding a possible "Decline of Swedish Science?"(3) during the nineties. But Finland's steep increase in citation impact in the same period is the most remarkable change. It leaves Norway behind as the Nordic country that really needs to worry about the overall picture of its scientific performance."


   Persson, Olle. (2000). "Will it Take Another 50 Years to Reach Equality in Science?." [Artículo]. Bibliometric Notes, 2000, 4(6):.
URL: http://www.umu.se/inforsk/BibliometricNotes/BN6-2000/BN6-2000.htm      
Materias:  Cienciometría e Informetría 
Resumen:

"How long will it take until fifty percent of all scientists are female? We all know that gender equalization is a slow process in science. It is not only a matter of females entering scientific careers, they have also to make it to the scientific publication market. Real scientists publish and that is what counts in the long run. If we look at publishing, how fast is the process? We took the top journal from our own field of research - Journal of the American Society for Information Science, and coded each author (first and subsequent) by gender for the first 50 volumes (1950-1999). Note that volumes 1 through 19 were published as American Documentation. When we plot authorships by sex and volume number, we can conclude that female authors have increased their share in a linear fashion from 15 to almost 30 percent. But it has taken them 50 years, and if the same linear trend holds another 50 years is needed to add another 15 percent to reach equality."


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